Electric vehicles (EVs) are now gaining huge popularity because of their environmental advantages and affordability. Another category of vehicles that are also becoming popular is the hybrid vehicles that combine both the internal combustion engine (ICE) and an electric motor. A lot of people are choosing electric hybrid cars because of their advanced features and great advantages. If you are confused about choosing between an electric car, a hybrid car or a conventional car, we list some guidelines that will help you to decide between these models.
Advantages of EVs when compared to other models
Vehicles that use internal combustion engine run on fuels like petrol or diesel. The main problem associated with these vehicles is that they emit poisonous gases into the atmosphere as a result of the burning of conventional fuels for producing energy that is needed for the working of the car. They will also cause additional pollution that is associated with mining, refining and distribution of these fuels.
But when it comes to electric vehicles, these problems can be avoided as it uses a renewable source of energy. They will not emit any poisonous gas into the atmosphere as they utilize electric energy for working. Therefore, these cars provide a large number of environmental advantages when compared to the other options.
Electric cars are also cheaper than conventional cars and hybrid cars. Also, it will help you to save a considerable amount on fuel charges, as it uses electrical energy.
Types of electric vehicles
The EVs can be mainly classified into three based on the source of their power:
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV)
These vehicles are what we generally call electric vehicles that have rechargeable batteries. These batteries can be charged with the help of external sources. EV chargers are normally classified into Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3 or DC fast charging. These classifications are made based on their speed of charging.
Level 1: These chargers utilize a standard household outlet that has an output of 120 Volts. With Level 1 chargers, it will take almost 8 hours for charging an EV to run 75-80 miles. These chargers can be used to charge most EVs that are currently available on the market.
Level 2:This type of chargers are special systems that have an output of 240 Volts. They are commonly found at public charging stations and workplaces. It can charge an EV in almost four hours to run 75-80 miles.
Level 3: This particular level is also known as the direct current (DC) fast-charging system. They are the fastest charging systems that is now available in the EV market. The chargers have the ability to charge EVs in 30 minutes to run for 90 miles.
Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles (PHEV)
These vehicles are also known as Extended Range Electric Vehicles. They have two modes of charging. Like the electric vehicles, they can also be plugged into an external source to charge. But these vehicles also come with an inbuilt regenerative braking. This is a special mechanism for converting the kinetic energy for charging itself. These vehicles depend on gasoline for generating electricity. The energy thus produced can be utilized immediately or it can be stored for using later. However, the engine won’t have maximum output when they are running with the help of the backup power source.
Such vehicles only utilize 40-60% less amount of fuel than traditional ICE vehicles, as the electricity is produced using its domestic sources. Also, these vehicles are helpful in reducing the dependency on conventional energy sources.
Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)
Such vehicles are equipped with both type of batteries and an ICE that runs on fuel. These batteries support the ICE by providing it the capacity of a normal conventional vehicle in terms of features including speed and run rate, etc. But such vehicles cannot be charged using an external electricity source for charging, instead, they depend on regenerative braking through fuels.
Differences Between Electric Vehicles And Hybrid Vehicles
Through this article, we provide some important differences between these two models. It will help you to decide the right choice for you.
As electric vehicles run on electricity, they produce no harmful gases. Therefore, the best electric vehicles contribute to environmental protection.
However, as hybrid vehicles use conventional fuels, they emit poisonous gases just like conventional vehicles. But when it comes to CO2 emissions, they are much better than vehicles that solely depend upon internal combustion engines.
As electric vehicles run on electricity they do not need any fuels for working. Therefore, they can be of great help to you in terms of saving money on fuels. Hence, this is a better option in the long-run.
Electric hybrid cars are not as fuel-efficient as EVs. But they have more fuel efficiency when compared to conventional gasoline-powered vehicles. These cars are 20-30% more fuel efficient when compared to cars that run on petrol or diesel.