Electric vehicles can be classified into three forms by the way in which electricity is utilized as their source of energy. Only battery electric vehicles can charge through a DC Fast or Level 3 charger. Read to learn more about these three forms in detail below.
Battery Electric Vehicle
This is a fully-electric vehicle having rechargeable batteries. Abbreviated as BEV, it stores electricity inside with a pack of high-capacity batteries. The battery power of it is used to power not only the electric motor but also all integrated electronics. A BEV does not release harmful emissions, plus it is charged through electricity derived from a source outside it. Electric vehicle chargers are categorized as per the speed at which these recharge the EV battery.
Some BEVs which can be charged through Level 3 chargers are as follows.
- BMW i3
- Chevy Bolt
- Nissan LEAF
- Chevy Spark
- Hyundai Ioniq
- Kia Soul
- Karma Revera
- Tesla Model X
- Toyota Rav4
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle
A PHEV’s battery can be recharged through regenerative braking mechanism and an external power source. At low speed, a standard hybrid vehicle can go between 1 and 2 miles until its internal-combustion engine activates. PHEVs can travel anywhere between 10 and 40 miles until the gas engines assist.
Below is a list of some of the best electric cars, which come under this category.
- Chrysler Pacifica
- Chevy Volt
- Mercedes C350e
- BMW 330e
- Fiat 500e
- Kia Optima
- Hyundai Sonata
- Toyota Prius
- Audi A3 Sportback e-Tron
Hybrid Electric Vehicle
An HEV is powered by electricity and gasoline. The car’s braking system itself generates its required electric energy for battery recharge. Known as ‘regenerative braking’, this is a process in which the vehicle’s motor helps in slowing it and using some amount of energy that is usually converted into heat by its brakes.
An electric motor starts an HEV, and the type of internal combustion engine it has will cut in when speed or load increases. An internal system that controls both of these motors guarantees the ideal economy for the conditions where you drive.
Toyota’s Camry Hybrid and Prius Hybrid models, as well as Honda’s Civic Hybrid, are some of the HEV examples.
In Which Way to Charge Electric Vehicles
You can do it in different ways, including an RFID card and/or credit card. Charging it at any of the public stations is very simple, and America has many of these places.