Buying a new car is a very difficult task, especially if you are not aware of the features and specialties of different cars. Buying electric cars can be even more difficult, as most people are not aware of the specifications of such cars. There are different types of electric cars from different manufacturers that can add to your confusion. Hence, we list some of the best electric cars that are currently available in the market.
Traditional Hybrid Vehicles
Traditional hybrid vehicles have a traditional internal combustion engine along with an electric battery. The electric battery of these cars cannot be charged from an external source; instead, they attain charge while the car is in motion.
The design of this car includes components of non-traditional vehicles that are specifically designed for converting wasted energy so that it can be used again to power the car. There are different types of hybrids that vary based on their mode of operation. Some models should be used in dual power mode; here the electric battery will serve as an energy source for reducing the usage of conventional fuels. Some other hybrids will store the energy till it becomes enough for short journeys. In this situation, the battery can alone supply enough power for short journeys like point to point travel with in the same city.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV)
This type of vehicle also uses both electric motor and a traditional internal combustion engine together. But unlike traditional hybrid vehicles, plug-in hybrid vehicles can be charged by plugging into an external source. They can be charged using a special power station whit the help of a charger. However, they have only a limited range when working on the electric power mode, but when the electric charge is over; they can be switched to traditional power mode for traveling further.
The electric car range when they are being operated on the electric mode is almost 35 miles. When this vehicle is being used in the electric mode, there will be no tailpipe emissions. But when they are switched to traditional fuel mode, the emissions will be similar to thelevel of emissions in atraditional gasoline-powered vehicle. Such vehicles are a great option for city driving, as they are very efficient when driven in this environment.
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV)
The vehicles that run entirely on electric batteries are known as battery electric vehicles (BEVs). You cannot switch to any other mode of transmission even if the battery charge has depleted. The batteries of these cars are charged with the help of standard charging stations. It will take a long time to get these batteries fully charged. But their battery will have a longer range when compared to the PHEV batteries.
The average range of a BEV is estimated to be around 80 miles before it needs to be charged again, but some new models that come with advanced features are able to travel up to almost 200 miles if they are efficiently driven.
The best electric cars with greater range will be way too expensive than cars that have low coverage. Even though 80 miles may seem like a short distance, it is found that most families only had to charge their BEVs once in a week and it was enough for their daily driving needs including commuting, shopping trips, school runs, and miscellaneous transport needs. They find range to be a problem only when they have to make long trips frequently. Having a charging point at home will enable the electric car owners to recharge the cars adequately.
Before considering buying a BEV, you have to take note of your daily needs and the infrastructure of the places that you are most likely to visit. This will help you to select an electric car based on your individual requirements. They are a great choice for people who tend to make a lot of short distance journeys.
BEVs do not produce any tailpipe emissions. Hence, they are considered as one of the most environmental friendly transportation modes. The use of these cars is promoted by governments where there is high environmental pollution. This is an ideal option for you if you are interested in using an eco-friendly mode of transportation.
Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles
Fuel cell electric vehicles are powered with the help of an electric motor that is charged-up by combining oxygen and hydrogen for creating chemical reactions. The fuel cell will draw oxygen from the surroundings which then react with the stored hydrogen. By the chemical reaction between these elements, electricity will be generated which helps in powering the motor that moves the vehicle.
These cars also produce zero harmful emissions, as it only involves the production of water as a waste by-product. Hence, they can also be a great alternative for conventional gasoline-powered vehicles.