It didn’t take much time for electric vehicles to make a mark in the automobile industry and we can undoubtedly say that they will outnumber the fuel powered vehicles in the near future. The rate at which our development is destructing the environment gives the vision of a bleak future for earth and switching to cleaner fuels can help in reducing the destruction. This is why electric vehicles are becoming more and more popular. Electric vehicles use regenerative braking which is different from the systems in internal combustion vehicles. Let us look into the details of regenerative braking.
How Does Regenerative Braking Work?
When a fast moving vehicle is brought to a stop, the kinetic energy is converted to other forms like heat, contributing to energy wastage. In combustion engines, the braking system is completely dependent on friction between the tire and roads, and there is a high wastage of kinetic energy.
In a world that is running out of energy sources, energy wastage is a major concern and the scientific world is busy with research intended to find smarter energy solutions. The very purpose of electrical vehicles is reducing the depletion of fossil fuels and pollution caused by its combustion.
Regenerative braking converts the energy that is released while applying the brakes into stored energy in the electric motor. This stored energy is used to provide acceleration to the vehicle the next time, eliminating the need to depend on other energy reserves.
Even though regenerative braking saves a lot of energy, it does not have anything to do with the efficiency of the electric vehicle.
Evaluation of Regenerative Braking
The parameters used to evaluate regenerative braking are efficiency and effectiveness which sound similar but aren’t the same. How well the system performs to convert lost energy while braking into stored energy indicates its efficiency. The impact made by the braking system on the range of the vehicle and similar areas is referred to as effectiveness.
In practical conditions, no machine can guarantee 100% efficiency and with the regenerative braking system, some amount of energy gets lost in forms like heat, noise, light etc. A typical electric vehicle regenerative system will have an efficiency of about 60-70% and this has nothing to do with the electric car range.
The effectiveness of regenerative braking indicates the extent to which it increases the range of the vehicle. Effectiveness depends on various factors like braking frequency, size of the vehicle etc.
By contributing to stop energy loss while braking, regenerative braking increases the value of electric vehicles by contributing a major share towards energy conservation and environment protection. So why wait? Search for the best electric car available in the market and do your best to reduce your carbon footprint.